Amino acids are the “building blocks” of the body. They play a vital role both as intermediates in metabolism as well as constructing mass of proteins. They are the basic structural unit of proteins. They do not only build cells and repairs tissues, they also form antibodies that fight bacteria and viruses. Amino acids are part of the enzyme and hormonal system and they build nucleoproteins which are RNA and DNA. They also carry oxygen throughout the body and contribute in muscle activity.
When protein is broken down through digestion, the results are the twenty known amino acids. Eight of these amino acids are essential which cannot be manufactured by the body, while the rest are non-essential and can be manufactured by the body with the proper nutrition.
The eight essential amino acids are:
Isoleucine and Leucine are the amino acids that provide the components for manufacturing of other essential biochemical components in the body, some of which help you to be more alert, used for the production of energy, and serve as stimulants to the upper brain.
Lycine is the amino acid that ensures the adequate absorption of calcium and helps form collagen. This amino acid also aids in the production of antibodies, enzymes, and hormones.
Metheonine is the main supplier of sulfur in the body which prevents disorders of skin, hair and nails. It helps to lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver’s production of lecithin and it also protects the kidneys and reduces liver fat. This amino acid influences hair follicles and promotes hair growth; it also regulates the formation of ammonia.
Phenylalaine is an amino acid that is used by the brain to produce Norepinephrine which is a chemical that sends out signals between nerve cells and the brain keeping you awake and alert. It also reduces hunger pains and functions as an anti-depressant helping improve memory.
Threonine helps the digestive and intestinal tracts to function more smoothly. It also assists in the assimilation and metabolism of the body. It is an important element of collagen, enamel protein, and Elastin. It also helps prevent fat build up in the liver.
Tryptophan this amino acid is a natural relaxant that helps ease insomnia by inducing normal sleep. It reduces anxiety and depression, helps in the cure of migraine headaches, helps reduce the risk of artery and heart spasms, helps the immune system, and works with Lysine to reduce cholesterol levels.
Valine helps in the promotion of muscle coordination, energy, and calm emotions.
Serine is a storeroom source of glucose by the liver and muscles. It helps strengthen the immune system by providing antibodies and produces fatty acids cover around nerve fibers.
The body can produce ten out of the twenty amino acids. The other amino acids must be supplied in the food and failure to attain enough of even one of the ten essential amino acids, those that can’t be produced by the body, results in the ruin of the body’s proteins. Amino acids are not like fats that can be stored by the body for later use, the body does not store excess amino acids and so amino acids must be in the food every day.